Bibliography

Arranged by order of appearance.

All Sources Recommended reading
Theodosius: The Empire at Bay
Author: Stephen Williams, Gerard Friell
Theodosius I, a towering figure in the history of the late Roman Empire and the early Church, was the last Roman emperor to rule a unified empire of East and West. His reign from 379 to 395 represents a turning point in the policies and fortunes of the late Roman Empire. In this fascinating biography, Stephen Williams and Gerard Friell examine Theodosius's life and character, placing the military, religious, and political struggles of his reign in the context of the troubled times of the empire.
Monks and Monasteries of the Egyptian desert
Author: Otto F.A. Meinardus
In the fourth century A.D. the deserts of Egypt saw the birth of Christian monasticism under the tutelage of the desert fathers. Since then the movement has spread around the world. This standard work traces the historical development of all the currently inhabited Coptic monasteries, drawing on a wide variety of sources, including accounts by early Western travelers.
Historia Monachorum in Aegypto
Author: Norman Russell (translator)
A travel book recounting a pilgrimage by seven monks from Palestine who visited Egyptian monks and monasteries in the 4th Century. A fascinating account of monasticism as it was being birthed in real time.
Egypt in the Byzantine World. 300 – 700 AD
Author: Roger S. Bagnall (editor)
This book is a comprehensive survey of Egypt to treat the Byzantine period including the first half-century of Arab rule. Twenty-one renowned specialists present the history, society, economy, culture, religious institutions, art and architecture of the period. Topics covered range from elite literature to mummification and from monks to Alexandrian scholars. The quality varies from one essay to another, with some being completely superficial and unreliable.
Cyril of Alexandria. Norman Russell
Author: Norman Russell
This book presents key selections of Cyril's writings in order to make his thought accessible to students. The writings are all freshly translated and an extended introduction outlines Cyril's life and times.
Recommended Read!
Cyril of Alexandria and the Nestorian controversy: The making of a Saint and of a Heretic
Author: Susan Wessel
a book examining the historical and cultural processes by which Cyril of Alexandria was elevated to canonical status while his opponent, Nestorius, bishop of Constantinople, was made into a heretic.
A Greek Roman Empire: Power and Belief under Theodosius II
Author: Fergus Miller
This book takes an inside look at the long reign of the pious Christian Emperor Theodosius II (408-50), and analyzes its largely successful defense of its frontiers, its internal coherence, and its relations with its subjects, with a flow of demands and suggestions traveling up the hierarchy to the Emperor, and a long series of laws, often set out in elaborately self-justificatory detail, addressed by the Emperor, through his officials, to the people. Above all, this book focuses on the Imperial mission to promote the unity of the Church, the State’s involvement in intensely-debated doctrinal questions, and the calling by the Emperor of two major Church Councils at Ephesus, in 431 and 449.
Egypt in Late Antiquity
Author: Roger S. Bagnall
This book brings together a vast amount of information pertaining to the society, economy, and culture of a province important to understanding the entire eastern part of the later Roman Empire. Focusing on Egypt from the accession of Diocletian in 284 to the middle of the fifth century, Roger Bagnall draws his evidence mainly from documentary and archaeological sources, including the papyri that have been published over the last thirty years.
The Life of Shenoute
Author: Besa (author), David N. Bell (translator)
Shenoute of Atripe, ranked second only to Pachomius for his contribution to the development of egyptian monasticism, is all but unknown outside the Coptic tradition. This first english translation of his Life, by his disciple and successor, casts new light on the austere monasticism of the fifth century. The book introduction by the translator is a disservice to the legacy of Shenoute and completely out of touch.
Agrarian History and the Labour Organization of Byzantine Large Estates (book chapter)
Author: Jairus Banaji
An overview of the emergence of an aristocratic class and large estates in Byzantine Egypt.
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